Chefs Choice Knife Sharpener

Types of knife sharpeners

 

When it comes to the available types of sharpeners, there are well many options.

Any of these has its upsides and drawbacks, but the most important thing is going for the one that suits you best. This can be based on your preference or the task ahead.

The kinds of materials used for designing these sharpeners usually affect their durability and efficiency.

There are natural and artificial types of sharpeners, but the natural ones usually outlive their counterparts. Artificial ones might be ceramic or synthetic versions.

The type of knives available such as German and Europe made types may guide one during making purchases.

Also, it is worth noting outstanding manufacturing brands for artificial brands that may provide the required durability.

Here is a review of some key sharpeners in the market

 

There is a wide variety of sharpeners in the market just like the type of knives you can come across.

Despite the brand, you can get a good one from new companies. Before purchasing, conduct an online research to get the best and affordable sharpener available.

1. Presto 08810 professional electric sharpener

 

A Chinese company, the Presto Info Solution Pvt, makes this knife sharpener.

They have a reputation in making electrical kitchen appliances.

Also, they offer an innovative solution to the government and its customers. With their products, the company has proved its consistent product quality. T

he household appliances have a direct touch with their customers demand. The Presto 08810 sharpener is an upgrading of the Presto 08800.

Using a sharpener may seem to complicate the whole process. Contrary to this notion, sharpeners are easy to use at home through following its guide.

Basically, the sharpener is made of three stages. It is worth noting that each stage offers a different level of sharpening. The first stage is ideal for dull knives.

I had a number of knives remaining unused in my kitchen.

Immediately I purchased the sharpener, the first stage helped to fine-tune the blade in preparation for the next two stages for fine sharpening.

By the end of the third stage, the knives are razor sharp; ready for use in chopping, filleting, and slicing.

The key features of Presto 08810 are that it is fast and efficient.

For only 3-5 times the knife becomes ready for use. The interchangeable blades help in attaining various angles during the process.

The knife width has an allowance for all kinds of knives, whether thick, thin, and even those used outdoors. Weighing only 5.1lb makes portability of the sharpener very easy.

I can easily move it on various occasions to the location of sharpening.

This sharpener also comes in fantastic silver and black colors that you can match with the kitchen décor.

The sharpener is quite compared to some older versions.

It can sharpen most of the kitchen knives. Its only downside is that it cannot sharpen high-quality knives such as Japanese made types, as it can easily destroy them.

Still, the sharpener is very helpful for home use.

The best best kitchen knives need a good sharpener like this

2. Kitchen Knife Sharpener 3-Stage Knife Sharpening

 

This sharpener also comes in a three-stage design.

Kitchellence Company has manufactured the product in a way that it ensures comfort for its users. Safety of the customers is paramount.

As such, the company ensures that apart from getting the right cooking appliances, each customer gets a pair of gloves. The three- stage kitchen knife sharpener is ergonomically designed to provide extra comfort during the whole exercise of food preparation.

No one desires a dull knife moment at the height of meal preparation.

I often have had such times. When you leave your knife unmaintained by failing to sharpen it consistently, you end up with a dull blade. Cooking is fun when you have a sharp knife handy, as little effort is required during your prep.

During one of our weekend meetings, a friend recommended the three-stage kitchen knife sharpener.

In my next visit at the cutlery store, I purchased it.

The sharpener has three stages for straightening blades.

A diamond rod found in the first slot straightens and repairs any damaged blades. T

here is a second section where blades are stored to the original V- shape. The third slot was ideal for me; it fully sharpens the knife.

After using the three stages, I got a smart polish for my knives.

I have left handed niece who lives with me. We found the knife easy for use to us.

This is mainly due to its ergonomic handle that brings forth comfort to the hands. We just put the knife through the slot and gently pull it to achieve the desired sharpness.

The best thing about Kitchellence is the cut resistant gloves.

Most of the sharpening moments do not end without cuts or bruises. The three-stage sharpener prevents one from injuring their hands.

Besides, the material is designed from strong ABS plastic that is durable.  You do not have to worry about making frequent shopping.

Once you purchase the sharpener, it will serve you for a long enough to get a good return on your money. Kitchellence gives a guarantee of a refund within thirty days of purchase in case of dissatisfaction.

Its only downside is that the users might take time in adapting the angles used for sharpening.

For anyone shopping out for a good sharpener, this is the best choice that there is in the market.

3. Chef’s Choice 15 Trizor XV Edge Select Electric Knife Sharpener

 

Chef’s choice edge electric sharpener is among the best in the market. It offers unique capabilities in quality packed sharpener.

It has triple edge performance that enables one to give the best high quality fifteen degrees sharpening.

Also, it perfectly sharpens both straight and serrated blades.

The company, Chef’s Choice believes that every cooking needs a sharp blade and a great sharpener.

They major in making quality home and kitchen appliances. Since 1984, the company continually inspires its users with quality products.

During our weekly cooking classes, I encountered the chef’s choice edge knife sharpener.  It offers the best quality for the money.

The sharpener has the strength and durability of the Trizor edge. In addition, its flawless technology providing 15degrees for sharpening provides perfection to get the job done.

I often find my knives very sharp after sharpening during the classes. This provides an ease during the process of food preparation.

During sharpening, the traditional house knives placed at around twenty degrees are transformed into razor sharp blades.

The sharpener quality is advanced and patented in a way of providing the precise angle for each knife sharpened.

The first stage has got diamond abrasives on iconic disks. It is designed for fine micro grooves creation as well as obtaining a simultaneous arch.

The second stage contains finer diamond abrasives on iconic disks, which obtain finer microgrooves. The third stage contains patented abrasive patented disks which create a finer edge than the first and the second stages.

While stage one and two can only sharpen straight blades, stage three is great for even serrated blades.

It straightens each tooth in the serrated blades.

It helps in maintaining high quality cooking out there.

For all professional cooks, this is the best knife sharpener to have. It works well with a wide array of knives with both straight and serrated blades.

For beginners, read the manual properly. Some people ruin their blades through the failure of understanding all the sharpening instructions. Also, be patient as you try it out.

4. Accu Sharp001 knife sharpener

 

This is one of the simplest knife sharpeners in the market. In about ten seconds, both straight and serrated blades can be sharpened effectively.

Apart from Knives, it can also sharpen other cutting tools such as machetes, axes, and cleavers. The sharpener has an ergonomic handle that perfectly fits almost every hand.

Besides, it offers finger protection through its full-length finger guard. Often times, fancy brands do not produce quality products.

This sharpener is made in the USA by a small company, Accu Sharp 001. The Company focuses on making a wide range of kitchen sharpening devices.

Unlike the previous three sharpeners, this is a manually operated sharpener. You just hold it and run it through the item to be sharpened.

Among the many sharpeners, I have past experience I find this one very simple.

During sharpening, all I need is less than ten seconds to retain my knife’s edge.

The manual sharpener does not entail holding the knife at various angles or holding like the sharpening stone.

All I require is to hold it and sharpen my knife.

It is easy for professional chefs and home use alike.  The ergonomic handle is an amazing feature. It provides the versatility needed during knife sharpening.

It accommodates both the right and left-handed people. Besides, the knife offers a full-length knife guard for fingers protection.

Manual sharpeners may be slow.

But this is not the case with Accu Sharp 001 knife sharpener. It offers fast sharpening. I usually place item to be sharpened on a table top.

Then, I ensure the v- cut blade is facing upwards. I hold the sharpener with my right hand and run it smoothly over the item to be sharpened while applying some pressure with my thumb.

This is an efficient method of sharpening.  During the first time use, I passed the sharpener several times on my knife until it attained the perfect shape.

With two or three passes, you gain the knife’s sharpness back. The Diamond honed tungsten carbines used in making the AccuSharp 001 sharpener warrant durability.

Diamond is one of the hardest elements in existence.

The sharpener allows the reversal of the blade to double its long lasting abilities.

It is dishwater safe and does not rust when immersed in water. This makes cleaning easy.

I recommend it for everyone; professional and home cooks. The only downside is that it is white and blue in color. Therefore it does not match with most kitchen décor.

5. Kitchen IQ knife sharpener

 

Manual sharpening is easy with Kitchen IQ 50009.

It does great work when used on various blades.

When we went out camping, my cousin brought along her Kitchen IQ 50009 sharpeners.

It helped a great deal in maintaining straight blades.  Since we did not have enough desktop space, we used it on the flat surface. Still, you can use the sharpener on a raised surface.

Its small size helps in its portability capabilities.

The kitchen IQ products are affiliated to American based Smith Consumer’s product. The main focus of the company is the production of innovative products that are smart and meeting the consumer requirements.

Kitchen IQ sharpener is inexpensive with two manual sharpening stages.

One coarse stage is ideal for sharpening a blade and the sharp stage for honing out knives’ edges. The unit consists of a coarse carbide side and a ceramic sharp stage.

At the bottom of the sharpener, there is electric rubber that prevents it from sliding from working tops.

Besides, I found that its simple design makes it more efficient than the electrical design. It rarely gets parts failure.

The sharpener’s soft handle gives comfort that is rare with most small sharpeners.

Additionally, there are enough finger protection parts. I find its black color easily matching with most of the kitchen decors.

Its small size ideally fits in most kitchens. You do not have to squeeze it; I store ours in the drawers.

With mastery on how to use, several sharpening will bring out a sharp polish. The knife sharpener is ideal for maintaining ceramics.

Knives can be honed and sharpened easily. The edge grip helps me in maintaining the position during sharpening.

One does not have to worry about the unnecessary movements.

The sharpener helps maintain knives’ durability. Once sharpened, the knife will always return to the same level.

The cheap price makes it ideal for boating and camping since one does not incur much loss when it is lost. Its downside is that the knife cannot create huge angles in your knife like the electric sharpeners.

Also, it cannot be used in huge knives.

Kitchen IQ 50009 Sharpener is one of the cheap and efficient sharpeners in the market.

Its ease of use makes it ideal for professional and home use as well. It is rated as one quality sharpener that is affordable to most people.

Therefore, from my experience as well as online reviews, I fully recommend it.

From my review, I vouch for the Chef’s choice sharpener.

It is well suited for both serrated and straight knives. Unlike other sharpeners, it can work well with high quality knives normally used in homes and professional cooking.

Still, the other sharpeners are good choices according to personal preference.

The different types of sharpeners

 

Sharpeners come in different types, which mean you can always get what works for you. It is just a matter of knowing what you need and going for it.

  • Sharpening stone

Also referred to as whetstones, these stones come both in natural and artificial types.

They are usually one-inch rectangular blocks. They have different kinds of course that enable them to be used for various levels of sharpening.

Whetstones are ideal if you have an utterly dull knife, thanks to their grades that can remove additional substances. These stones can as well work efficiently on several steel products like scissors, razor, and other types of blades.

Most of them are made of materials like aluminum oxide, silicon carbide, and Novaculite.

Many of these stones are from Arkansas, India, and Crystolon and usually make the best kitchen knives sharpener you can get at a reasonable price.

Sharpening stone found in Arkansas are usually natural, while India produces humanmade stones.

The Arkansas type comes in different courses of grit, while the India stones are ideal for fine sharpening.

The Crystolon type is right for the initial sharpening stages, thanks to its rough course. Many types of artificial stones available offer an alternative to the extinct natural stones. The Ceramic type was the earliest option.

The Ceramic stones come in different types. Some are soft and sharpen quickly while others are hard and take the time to smoothen blades.

Prior to use, Ceramic stones need to be soaked in water for a period of at least ten minutes or more. Knife steels differ; each ceramic stone will sharpen differently.

Currently, Synthetic stones are an alternative to natural ones.

They are made of white fused aluminum placed in resin.

While some need a bit of soaking before use, others just need a little splashing of water and afterward, they work well. You can take a soft or a thick feel knife.

The 400 or 1000 grit knives work best.

They will be enough for repairing chips in most modern knives. However, a single sided knife blade will require a stone with a higher grit like 3000. During purchase, go for the shops that give advice on how to use the stone.

The synthetic type is the easiest to use and easier to maintain as compared to natural and ceramic types.

  • Sharpening steel

These steels are usually effective for honing the knife blades rather than sharpening.

This means they are not of much help for restoring dull knives.

This is because these steels do not pose a lot of friction on the blade; hence, they are not able to remove much substance from the knife.

However, it is not as if they are not useful anyway.

They go a long way in helping realign the blade to regain its original shape.

It is important noting that there is a way to use them if you want to get the best results. You should use them especially before and after sharpening.

Sharpening steels come in different types, although the regular cut steels are most popular due to their quality material.

Steel hones usually come with the set of kitchen knives.

They are either perfectly smooth or they may have some few rough edges on the surfaces.

The smooth type is ideal for its long lasting abilities while the rough edge will wear out in due time. Still, smooth hones cannot be used with Japanese made knives.

There are variations as diamond steels that are coated with diamond abrasive.

Others are a combination cut, which features a smooth surface used for honing, as well as a rough course for minimal sharpening. Ideally, diamond hones are more natural sharpeners than honers.

It will not realign the knife entirely. Consequently, you cannot keep one at home for regular maintenance of knives.

Besides, there is another type, the ceramic cut, which is made of ceramic.

This one is useful for minor sharpening for aligning your knife’s blade.  They are made from a fine grit of 1000 upwards and will not entirely destroy your knife.

Any worn out knife’s teeth will be eliminated through ceramic steels. Among the three varieties, the ceramic cut is ideal for use at home since it perfectly hones knives.

However, it requires careful handling since they can break if they fall on the kitchen floor.

 

  • Knife hones

This is more or less the same as the sharpening steels when it comes to function.

Because they use stone and steel to grind the blade material, they cannot do well on extremely dull knives.

They come in different sizes and styles.

One of the styles is primarily a small stone that runs along the knife’s blade. The other design features a slit for polishing and honing the knife.

Most people do not have the honing skills.

To start with, ensure that the hones moves and not the knife.

Ensure that the blade never touches the honing tool. Honing is for straightening up the edges.

If honing fails to present the desired results, try sharpening your knife with a stone. Ceramic steel is best honers in the industry.

  • Natural sharpening stones

These stones are ideal for sharpening, especially if you are looking for the best results.

Although they can be used either when dry or wet, it is always advisable to use them wet.

This way, you can be able to obtain the best results in your sharpening. If you want to use the stone while wet, you can use water-based or petroleum-based honing oil.

However, if you are thinking of switching to water-based honing in the future, it is best you stick to that and shun the petroleum-based oil.

After wetting the stone and using it, place it out in the sun to maintain its grit after drying. However, professionals assert that storing them in water might prove helpful in enhancing durability.

They are normally composed of silicone dioxide which provides the grit that holds the material together.

The formation of the stones took place seventy years ago in deep seas.

After being cut out into pieces and placement on water, the stones can easily disintegrate.

However, the disintegration process may take quite a number of years. Therefore, users should not be wary that the stones will wear out.

The appearance and quality of the stones may vary greatly.

However, due to their quality, they may cost a fortune.  It would mean that the stone is consistent in texture, smooth, have no cracks and preferably yellow in color.

Such cuts are rare to find. For consistency in grit and appearance, the stones are normally cut out horizontally.

No natural stone is perfect in shape.

It requires time to straighten it. Yellow, Gray, and Brown are the most common shades of the stones.

The colors may be different on the same rock.  Also, the stone might change its color upon use.

With time the stone’s shape may be distorted.

After use, the stone may develop a hollow space in the middle part. Use a coarse stone to restore the grit.

Flattening the stones makes it remain its shape even after use. Also, wet your stone after flattening for the best shapes.

Dressing entails using the stone in its original shape consistently with repairs when necessarily.

One should not those knives blade is straight while others are concave in shape. Therefore, you do not need an entirely flat surface.

Diamond plates are an effective way of flattening the stones if coarse stones are not available.

Ensure that each stone is maintained to remain effective in sharpening your knives. The Igarashi type calls for a flattening course that has similar or better grit than its own.

There are no two identical stones.

As such, embrace the varieties available for purchase on various platforms.

  • Diamond stone sharpener

These sharpeners are primarily made of metal base or composite in most cases.

However, they feature a diamond coating, consisting of micron-sized particles of the substance that are attached to the metal base. T

his is far reaching in giving the sharpener better performance and help it last longer.

Most of them have a designed hole on the surface, which helps get rid of filling chips that may otherwise accumulate on the sharpener.

Diamond Sharpening Stone can be made from three ways.

Aluminum blocking chips are flattened and filled with diamond chips. In this way, high-quality flat cuts are produced.

Though, due to the expense of the materials, it is rarely used in generating cuts.  Secondly, thin plates are filled with diamond chips.

The plates are attached to a flat block before filling with the diamond pieces.

Here, the end result is determined by the polishing, machining, and cutting. Besides the two methods, Diamond knife sharpener can be made from plastic or copper foil filled with diamond chips and held firmly by an abrasive at the back.

The foils offer flexibility and hence can be turned into a variety of shapes. However, a foil is delicate and can easily wear out during sharpening.

Its disadvantage is the lack of durability.

They guarantee better performance over most other types.

Besides, they also feature a range of gravels for efficiency.

Whether to use this type of sharpener as dry or wet depends on your choice, although they perform better when used as wet.

Remember, if you are going to use this one when wet, you can only use water or water-based oil. However, do not use petroleum-based oil on this type.

They are easy to clean as compared to Ceramic or synthetic cuts.

They do not store the grounded chips.  It changes the base levels irons and chisels. It sharpeners materials that Ceramic and Steel cuts cannot sharpen.

Despite wearing out with time, it retains shape and can be flattened to remain in good shape. Also, they are flattening for some stones.

  • Electric knife sharpener

An Electric sharpener is usually rectangular shaped with two or three slots for placing the knife’s blade during sharpening.

This type operates automatically, since a motor, which runs the sharpening blade powers it. When you are considering the aspect of speed, then this is your ideal option.

The other great thing about these sharpeners is that they are also ideal for the heavy duty tactical and survival knives.

Above all, they can perform well on creating, sharpening and honing the blade, which is not possible with most other types.

However, lack of user control usually can taint and deter man users’ preference for electric sharpeners.

Besides, they are bigger as compared to the other types, and they do not perform excellently on kitchen knives.

This tool only requires you turn the power on, and it spins the stones.

Then you draw a knife through its slots and sharpen the blades to your preferred extent.

The good thing about these sharpeners is that they come with guides to help you get the perfect angle when drawing the knife. I

n essence, these sharpeners just simplify about everything when it comes to sharpening your knife.

They are ideal for high-quality knives that ordinary sharpener types cannot straighten.

Most of them have three stages of sharpening.

They are designed in such a way in which each person sharpens their knife to the desired sharpness.

The three stages enable fine honing of the kitchen knives. Avoid knives with only one stage as it does produce coarse sharpening; one’s sharpening cannot be perfect.

Also, they give various sharpening angles that are not fixed.

For example, they may have a high quality of 15 degrees or 20 degrees giving a provision for 30 and 40 degrees.

Japanese made knives may be sharpened at 15 degrees while the 20 degrees is for European style knives.

Each sharpener comes with the adjustment capabilities; look out for the variations when shopping around.

Also, consistency with the knives’ blade offers the best results. They also sharpen serrated knives that normal sharpeners cannot manage to sharpen.

The Chainsaw sharpener is among the best rated electronic sharpeners in the market.

Unlike normal sharpeners, it can be fastened on a table and sharpen small and medium-sized chains.

Some of them come with the inbuilt light to facilitate visibility when using it. It has the upper plate and lower plate setting to indicate moments in which the grinding wheels ought to be changed.

For efficiency in sharpening the grinding teeth must be sharp hence the need for consistent changing.

Some of them have the ability to sharpen each tooth of the chain on equal lengths, find out more on these types of sharpeners.

  • Tapered sharpeners

These sharpeners do not see much action on knife sharpening, but more on serrated blades and gut hooks.

They are usually cone-shaped and long, with a diamond coating that enables them to fit efficiently in the serrations.

However, they are also important since flat stones cannot suffice for sharpening serrated blades due to the risk of ruining the blade.

The Lansky Sharpener is the best tapered sharpener in the world.

The diamond materials make it obtain high-quality materials. Besides, diamonds are long lasting as compared to natural materials.

Its ergonomic capabilities allow knife sharpening from any angle. In addition, its powerful capabilities allow for its use in straight and serrated knives alike.

Apart from its use in sharpening kitchen knives, it can be used in small knives used during scouting. Its portability aspect places it above other kitchen knives.

Its storage case is color coded providing a choice of suitable rod for honing.

There are finger grips for better holding capabilities and accident prevention.

Different degree angles enable sharpening of a variety of knives from scalpels to high-quality blades. The storage keeps all parts of the sharpeners while one is in transit.

  • Handheld sharpeners

These sharpeners are more like the electric ones when it comes to speed and ease of use. The only thing that they have less is the sharpening slots.

However, they are a great option nevertheless, especially considering their small size, which allows for portability.

Their manual operation and the ease of use make this type a preferred chefs choice knife sharpener for pro chefs who are usually on travel.

The best thing about this sharpener is that it can efficiently work on a dull knife to restore it to cutting sharpness.

The sharpening method here depends on the design of the appliance. In some cases, you place the sharpener on a flat surface and pull the knife through its slot.

In others, the sharpener’s blade is drawn on a knife that is held with the spine facing down on a table. Its downside is that you cannot use it on serrated blades.

Still, it is quite comfortable to work with.

Most of them provide a plastic handle to hold on as one sharpens the knife. The plastic handle prevents the replaceable ceramic part from getting out of place.

The sharpener is not automatic; it requires one to apply some kind of pressure for efficiency. The blade edge should consistently be in contact with the wheels.

An additional cost of using it is in replacing the ceramic wheels after some time.

The portability and ergonomic factors make them favorite among professional chefs. One can easily restore the knife’s sharpness through them.

 

  • Crock sticks

These knife sharpeners are also known as ceramic rod sharpeners.

They are quite different from other types of sharpeners, as they are held in a V-position at a particular angle while the blade is drawn down against the rod.

To change the angle setting, you can tilt the blade, as you deem necessary. The only thing that makes their use limited is that the rods feature only one type of grade.

However, if you are looking for a rod with diversity, you can always go for Spyderco’s Tri-Angle Sharpmark.

This one stands out as it includes two pairs of ceramic rods for a medium and fine course.

Besides, the company’s sharpeners can also be used in the scissors position, fishhook groove and flat extend. These are all essential for increasing the range of uses.

The ceramic rods need replacement after some time due to wear and tear.

It is vital to consult the manufacturing company to get exact replacements. People often compare the crock sticks with the sharp marker.

The significant difference is in the sizes of the ceramic rods. Crock sticks have shorter rods compared to the sharp maker.

Sharpening bigger blades might be quite a task. Still, they are cheaper compared to the sharp maker.

Upon purchase, you will find a wooden box holding the ceramic rods.

Carefully set up the rods on different holes according to your activity (honing or sharpening).

Unlike other sharpeners, despite crock sticks not having different steels, each single rod can sharpen serrated knives.

All you need is to run the ceramic rods on the serrated surface.

After use, one requires repairing the worn out edges through flattening of its surfaces. Its cheap price is affordable to all and can be purchased as a gift for a friend during special occasions.

  • Pocket knife sharpeners

If you are looking for knife sharpeners that you can use on the go, then the best pocket knife sharpener is for you.

As the name suggests, they are preferred for their small size that can perfectly fit in your pocket.  One key tool for camping is a knife.

However, a dull knife might create unnecessary trouble during meal preparation.

Consistent use of knives wears them out; there is the need for sharpening of a kind. They help in ensuring knives are sharp during camping events or any outdoor cooking activities.

Among the best types is Smith’s Pocket Pal.

It has a set of opposed Carbide teeth, a set of opposed ceramic teeth and a tapered diamond folding rod. It is strong and the teeth can be adjusted to increase the sharpeners life.

The different sets of teeth enable one to set up the ideal angle for sharpening of the different blades.

It is good on setting up a dull blade but may fail to produce the necessary results on a consistently used knife.

The diamond rod aids in field touch-ups, as well as serrations, touch up. It comes with a compass. This is important for finding location during hiking, camping or military-like activities.

However, they also come with yet a slight disadvantage. Due to their size, they are usually flat, which makes maintaining an angle when sharpening a challenge.

If you are a novice in this field, you can always go for the full sized version of these sharpeners, as they are better for sharpening exactness.

Final thoughts

 

There are varieties of knife sharpeners.

Dull knives are not an option.

Each person can comfortably purchase different items since they all come with different price tags.

Portability is among key consideration for most people.

Quite a number of sharpeners can be safely moved around during outdoor activities.

The ten listed sharpeners provide an ability to sharpen straight, concave and even serrated blades.

Some sharpeners help in honing the knives and can barely help if your blade is dull.

One outstanding requirement for durability is the need for flattening the sharpeners due to the wear and tear during sharpening activities.

Others call for replacement of ceramic steel or grinding wheels over time.

You should thus select the best kitchen knife sharpener according to your budget and the type of blades to be sharpened.

 

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